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赤字!澳国立大学75年来最艰难的12个月!财政亏损近1.8亿澳元!
作者:Yeeyicbr
时间:2021-04-23
来源:Yeeyicbr

澳国立大学的2020年财务结果已经通过审计流程并在4月9日的理事会会议上获得批准,因此今天与大家分享。

去年,澳国立大学预计运营赤字为2.19亿澳元。

2020年ANU最终的运营赤字为1.624亿澳元。

预测赤字与2020年实际赤字之间的差异主要是由于学费收入(2,270万澳元)和研究补助金收入(2,700万澳元)好于预期,其余(710万澳元)是由于会计调整和差异造成的。

赤字!澳国立大学75年来最艰难的12个月!财政亏损近1.8亿澳元!-异乡好居

图片来源:ANU官网

2020学费收入比我们预期的多了2,270万澳元,这是由于留学生比例比ANU计划的要高。ANU还获得了比计划多2,700万澳元的研究收入,这项研究收入的费用将持续到2021年,这来自政府补助和顾问费。

在ANU网页上,展现的是ANU的赤字为1.77亿澳元。

实际经营损失是1.624亿澳元。

根据ANU的规定,要求大学报告其所有收入来源。该报告流程并未反映出大学财务运作的实际情况。澳国立大学2020年的收入来源还包括“投资收入”(6140万澳元)和“保险收益”(9100万澳元)。

“保险收益”是ANU在2018年洪灾后对奇夫利(Chiefly Library)图书馆进行维修以及2020年冰雹风暴造成的部分损失的保险索赔。

赤字!澳国立大学75年来最艰难的12个月!财政亏损近1.8亿澳元!-异乡好居

图片来源:ANU官网

2018年洪灾后对奇夫利图书馆(Chifley Library)

赤字!澳国立大学75年来最艰难的12个月!财政亏损近1.8亿澳元!-异乡好居

图片来源:ANU官网

2020年冰雹风暴

ANU这两个天气事件的保险索赔将继续支付数年,因此ANU将继续在损益表中报告这些付款。但是,这些收益当然必须直接用于修复天气事件造成的损害,而不能用于其他任何运营成本(例如薪水)。

赤字!澳国立大学75年来最艰难的12个月!财政亏损近1.8亿澳元!-异乡好居

图片来源: ANU services

ANU大学拥有约12亿澳元的大型长期投资组合(LTIP)。去年,ANU的投资组合产生了6140万澳元的利息,股息和资本增值。ANU的LTIP包括捐赠,ANU只能将其用于捐赠事业和联邦退休金规定的福利义务。

ANU 校长今早发的ANU财政状况声明(原文)

Dear all

As the University’s 2020 financial results have been finalised through the auditing process and approved by Council at its meeting on 9 April, I am able to share them with you today.

I will first highlight some key figures and then provide some more context about what those figures mean in reality.?Most of us are not accountants or experts in financial data and so I encourage you to read the full update to understand what the numbers actually mean, and seek clarification if you are unsure.

Last year, I told you we expected an operating deficit of $219m. Our final 2020 operating deficit was $162.4m. The difference between the forecast and the actual 2020 deficits is mostly due to better-than-expected tuition income ($22.7m) and income from research grants ($27m). The remainder ($7.1m) is due to accounting adjustments and variances.

This does not mean we have $57m more than we thought we had. It simply means we have a smaller deficit. The sacrifices you have all made in the past year have gone a long way towards reducing our deficit and future-proofing the University from further financial shocks.

The $22.7m in additional tuition income than we'd forecast is due to higher rates of student retention than we had planned.?This is a testament to the amazing work across the campus – from both our staff and students – to ensure the student experience remained one of the best in the world, despite the challenges of 2020.

We have also secured $27m more in research income than we had planned and costs for this research income will continue into 2021. This has come from Government grants and consultancy fees.

I thank each and every one of you for your unrelenting focus on our core work, in what have been unthinkably challenging circumstances.

We have updated our website with more detail about our financial statements that will soon be tabled in Parliament with our 2020 annual report.?I will announce the release of the annual report in my blog when you are able to review it.

On that webpage you will see our reported deficit is $17.7m. I want to explain this in careful detail for the vast majority of us who are not accountants. To be clear, though, our operating deficit is $162.4m.

Under our legislative obligations, the University is required to report all its income sources so that there is one bottom line. This technical reporting process does not reflect the reality of the University’s fiscal operations.

Within the University’s income sources for 2020 are “investment revenue” ($61.4m) and “insurance proceeds” ($91m).

The “insurance proceeds” are payouts from our insurance claims for repairs to the Chifley Library following the 2018 floods and for some of the damage caused by the 2020 hail storm. Our insurance claims for these two weather events will continue to be paid out for several years, so we will continue to report those payments in our income statements.?However, of course those proceeds have to be spent directly on repairing the damage caused by the weather events and cannot be spent on any other operational costs (like salaries, for example ).

The University has a large Long-term Investment Portfolio (LTIP) of approximately $1.2bn. Last year, our investment portfolio experienced interest, dividends and capital appreciation amounting to $61.4m. Our LTIP includes endowments, which we can only spend on the cause of the endowment and Commonwealth Superannuation defined benefits obligations. Therefore, the money we make in returns on our LTIP is already “spent” through our endowment and superannuation obligations – and it would be unethical to use these funds for other purposes which would disadvantage our staff or impact their entitlements. It is not money we can use for general operational costs.

As always, my aim is to be transparent and honest. I will be hosting a staff (today, 11am-12pm) and a student forum (Wednesday 28 April, 2-3pm) with the Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer to answer any questions any of you have after reviewing our financial updates. You can register to attend those forums here. You can also find more information about our 2020 financial results on our website.

This has been the hardest 12-month period in our 75-year history and I know you are all working extremely hard to steer the University towards a brighter future.

Thank you

Brian

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